Abstract. For five years since it was founded, Chava Energy LLC tried to promote itself chiefly by means of false and fraudulent claims and pretenses, that it was developing “revolutionary energy breakthroughs,” including “Fractional Hydrogen” engines utilizing nonexistent states of hydrogen, magical Ambient Temperature Thermionic Converters, and magnetic generators supposedly harnessing Zero Point Energy. Recently, most of the material containing these false and ludicrous claims was suddenly removed from the Chava Energy website, although much of the flimflam related to Zero Point Energy still remains. Hagen Ruff, the CEO and Co-founder of Chava Energy, was certainly well aware of the false and fraudulent nature of Chava Energy’s claims and pretenses during five years before the material was removed, and we hold him responsible for the very low standard of honesty which they reflect.
1. After claiming for five years that Chava Energy
LLC was some sort of “leader,” Hagen Ruff finally showed some
leadership for the very first time by quietly ejecting Chava Energy’s
Co-founder, Chief Market Research Officer and Number Two
Charlatan, Mark Goldes. Unfortunately, Hagen Ruff left in place the
company’s Number One Charlatan – namely, Hagen Ruff.
It was not Mark Goldes, but Hagen Ruff, who chose Mark Goldes to be
his co-founder and partner at Chava Energy, even though Mark Goldes’
character as a professional fraud artist and swindler would not have
been more obvious if it were stamped on his forehead. And Chava Energy’s
five years of fraudcraft have left no room for any doubt that Ruff
chose Goldes not in spite of Goldes’ talent for unscrupulous fraud, but
precisely because of it.
But never mind that. We still have more reasons to thank and congratulate Hagen Ruff!
We thank and congratulate Hagen Ruff not only for ejecting
Chava Energy’s Chief Swindler Mark Goldes, but also for dropping from
Chava’s website no less than four out of five of the major
heaps of fraudcraft presented by Chava Energy since it was founded. Only
one heap remains: the heap known as their Zero Point Energy powered ZPE Generator.
Now, at this point you may be wondering: Why would Mr. Ruff drop four
of his five heaps of flimflam, but still hang on to the ZPE Generator,
even though it is just as fraudulent as the four heaps that he dropped?
But we’ll return to that later. For now, we just want to say a sad farewell to the four baloney heaps – no no no, the four Revolutionary Breakthroughs
that Chava Energy claimed on their website for five years before
suddenly removing all traces of them from chavaenergy.com. And what
better way could we find to pay homage to baloney, than by quoting some
2. First up: Chava’s amazing Water-fueled “Fractional Hydrogen” “Collapsing Hydrogen Orbits” “SPICE” Engine!
Here’s the lovely heap of flimflam that was offered on chavaenergy.com for the past five years – until it suddenly disappeared:
“Energy from Collapsing Hydrogen Orbits – ECHO™ makes possible a Self Powered Internal Combustion Engine – SPICE™
“Chava uses the terms f/H for fractional Hydrogen and for commercial
purposes ECHO™ – Energy from Collapsing Hydrogen Orbits. Converting
Hydrogen to f/H releases hundreds of times the power of Hydrogen
combustion with oxygen.
“The energy released from the conversion of one barrel of
Hydrogen to fractional Hydrogen is equal to the energy from burning 200
barrels of oil.
“Conversion of Hydrogen to fractional Hydrogen releases hundreds
of times more energy than achievable by burning Hydrogen, though not as
much energy from a nuclear reaction. However the energy released by
conversion to fractional hydrogen is completely safe and does not
generate any radioactive products or other hazards from nuclear
reactions. Furthermore, the cost will be far lower than from fossil
fueled or nuclear plants. ECHO systems may dramatically accelerate
independence from fossil fuels.
“Chava work with fractional quantum states of Hydrogen has opened
a path to a new concept we call SPICE — Self Powered Internal
“A Self Powered Internal Combustion Engine – SPICE, will open a
cost-competitive alternative to fossil fuels and nuclear power.
Importantly, it can be sized for use in automotive applications. By
implementing a revolutionary clean technology as a retrofit for current
car engines we can make a very large impact quickly – eliminating
pollution from burning fuel in cars and producing a lot of clean energy
cheaply. With engines able to run using small amounts of water
in a clean and safe way, we can now leave cars running when
appropriately parked, as mobile power plants delivering electricity to
the grid. Owners with SPICE powered cars would produce far more power
than they need to run their homes. SPICE powered cars and trucks could also power places where we work.
“A SPICE in a hybrid car is expected to have a fuel requirement of only one gallon of water for each 1,000 miles of driving…
Imagine the positive impact on the economy and the environment of
future cars, trucks and buses that need no conventional fuel or
recharge, and can pay for themselves over time. This can become a
near-term and less expensive alternative to building new coal burning or
nuclear power plants.”
Here is what the physicist Andreas Rathke had to say in 2005 about
Mills’ theory of “Classical Quantum Mechanics,” on which both Mills’
“hydrinos” and Goldes’ “fractional hydrogen” are supposedly based:
“In this paper, we have considered the theoretical
foundations of the hydrino hypothesis, both within the theoretical
framework of CQM, in which hydrinos were originally suggested, and
within standard quantum mechanics. We found that CQM is inconsistent and
has several serious deficiencies. Amongst these are the failure to
reproduce the energy levels of the excited states of the hydrogen atom,
and the absence of Lorentz invariance. Most importantly, we found that
CQM does not predict the existence of hydrino states! Also, standard
quantum mechanics cannot encompass hydrino states, with the properties
currently attributed to them. Hence there remains no theoretical support
of the hydrino hypothesis.”
- Well, its over now. Goodbye, SPICE – Chava Energy no longer even
mentions you. It seems that you are played out as far as Chava Energy
is concerned, even though Randell Mills is still peddling the original
“hydrino” baloney at Blacklight Power. Of course, Hagen Ruff knew
perfectly well from the start that none of this flimflam was true. But
why is it played out for Mr. Ruff, but not for Mr. Mills? This must be
very frustrating for poor Mr. Ruff! There is probably nothing more
humiliating to a charlatan than to try to copy another charlatan – and
3. Next Up: Chava Energy’s Magical Ambient Temperature Thermionic Converters disprove the established laws of physics!
“Chava’s thermionic converter design extracts ambient heat from
the environment and converts this into useable electrical energy.”
“Chava is planning to introduce a thermionic converter which will
extract ambient heat from the environment and efficiently convert this
heat into electrical energy.
“At first sight it appears that this system is prohibited by the
laws of physics. No power is supplied but, as if by magic, the system
pumps heat and transfers it into an electrical load.
“Recent work supports this idea. Xin Yong Fu and Zi Tao Fu at
Jiao Tong University, in Shanghai, performed an experiment described in
their paper: Realization of Maxwell’s Hypothesis.
“With no magnetic field present, although electrons thermally
emitted from one electrode can reach the other, by symmetry the reverse
reaction is true and no detectable current flows. However when a
magnetic field was applied current flow from one electrode to the other
“But, where the Chinese device produced only tiny current from
the thermal emissions, the Chava AHE Thermionic device is expected to
produce significantly higher current, hence much greater power levels.”
The flimflam heap above – recently removed from chavaenergy.com –
quotes a sentence from a certain Proposal by Cyril Smith that leaves the
impression that Chava had already created this magical device. In fact,
Cyril Smith later wrote a Critique of his own proposal, and it was
never “developed” at all.
4. Room-temperature “Ultraconductors” – the amazing room-temperature superconductors that aren’t superconductive, and have never been made useful to anyone.
“Our patented Ultraconductor™ technology provides revolutionary zero resistivity
conductive at room temperature polymer materials. Their behavior is
identical to that of superconductors, but without the need for cryogenic
“ULTRACONDUCTOR™ defined: An electrical conductor, similar to
present-day superconductors, having zero measurable electrical
resistance in one dimension. They consist of organic polymers that
exhibit electrical resistance much lower than the best metallic
conductors and are considered a novel state of matter.
“Ultraconductors™ are patented materials being developed for
commercial applications with the support of Chava Energy and are the
subject of a landmark U.S. Patent 5,777,292, U.S. Patent 6,804,105 and
equivalent patents pending worldwide.
“Ultraconductors™ are the result of more than 16 years of prior
scientific research, peer-reviewed publication, independent laboratory
testing, and 8 years of engineering development. From an engineering
perspective, Ultraconductors™ are a fundamentally new and enabling
technology, a ‘re lightweight, flexible, transparent medium possessing
magnetic, electric, and electronic properties with exceptionally high
commercial value. This technology was independently reproduced for the
United States Air Force. Chava Energy continues to develop and improve
upon wire and cable using room temperature polymer superconductive
“Ultraconductor™ polymers are the only known materials of their
kind and our proprietary technology includes the materials, means of
fabrication, and application types. Ultimately, Ultraconductors™ offer
unprecedented high performance and energy efficiency across a very broad
range of products. They are made by the sequential processing of
amorphous polar dielectric elastomers.
“Ultraconductors™ exhibit a set of anomalous magnetic and
electric properties, including: very high electrical conductivity (>
1011 S/cm -1) and current densities (> 5 x 108 A/cm2), over a wide
temperature range (1.8 to 700 K).
“The Ultraconductor™ properties are measured in discrete
macromolecular structures which form over time after the processing. In
present thin films (1 – 100 micron thickness) these structures, called
‘channels’, are typically 1 – 2 microns in diameter and 10 – 1000
“Using Ultraconductors™ for chip connectors solve a major
technical issue for the semiconductor industry – one that still relies
upon solder bumps to connect chips, further limiting chip size
reduction. Our approach will promote the ability to create smaller chip
designs that generate less heat.
“Ultraconductor Wire™ can be made by extending a channel to
indefinite length. The technique has been demonstrated in principle.
Connections between conducting structures is done with a metal
electrode: when two channels are brought together they connect.
“From an engineering point of view, in many applications
Ultraconductors can replace copper wire and current high temperature
superconductors (which still require liquid nitrogen for cooling) . “
The great high points of Chava Co-founder Mark Goldes’ career in
fraudcraft were the obtaining of four Small Business Innovative Research
grants from the Unites States Air Force, which cost taxpayers roughly a
half million dollars. In the fourteen years since the conclusion of the
fourth project, MPI and Chava Energy have evidently made no further
progress in this area, at all – but that has not stopped Goldes from
pretending that Magnetic Power Inc, or Chava Energy LLC, or “Aesop
Institute” will be making Revolutionary Breakthroughs involving
“Ultraconductors” as soon as you give them your money. In fact, MPI’s
own reports on the Ultraconductor contract projects consist of a
succession of rosy and wonderful claims and predictions which went
entirely unfulfilled by following projects, and remain unfulfilled
today. It is necessary to understand that the “Ulraconductor” film was
only claimed to be “ultraconductive” to current across the thin
dimension of the film – and not along the extensive dimensions. MPI
asserted that they would develop a way to make the thin
“ultraconductive” film thicker – and never did so. MPI asserted that
they would develop a way to make “ultraconductive” wire – and never did
so. MPI asserted that their enrichment method would become the key to
making thicker film and wire – but the method never did so. MPI
asserted that their “Ultraconductor” film would surely prove wonderfully
useful for making thermoelectric devices – but once again, the rosy
claims went unfulfilled. MPI asserted that they would figure out how to
reposition the conductive channels so as to make the film
“ultraconductive” along the plane of the film, instead of merely across
the thin dimension. They never did so.
5. Ultraconductor Magnetic Energy Storage (UMES)
Even though neither MPI nor Chava Energy ever presented the slightest
fulfillment of their endless claims to be on the verge of creating an
Ultraconductor wire, and even though the creation of Ultraconductor wire
would be a prerequisite for developing any Ultraconductor Magnetic
Energy Storage (UMES) system , that didn’t stop Chava Energy from
pretending that they were already developing the UMES system. After all,
if they could develop a “Fractional Hydrogen” engine utilizing a type
of hydrogen that doesn’t exist, and cannot exist, why shouldn’t they be
able to develop an energy storage system utilizing a type of wire that
“Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) systems store
energy in the magnetic field of a superconducting coil. Direct Current
flow in a superconducting coil creates the magnetic field and will last
forever while the coil is cryogenically cooled to a temperature below
its superconductive critical temperature.
“A typical SMES system includes three parts: superconducting
coil; power conditioning system; and cryogenically cooled refrigerator.
Once the superconducting coil is charged, the current will not decay and
the magnetic energy can be stored indefinitely.
“The stored energy can be released by discharging the coil.
Because of its superconductive ability, SMES systems are highly
efficient with the least amount of electricity loss in the transfer
process compared to other currently known or utilized methods of energy
“However, the requirement for cryogenic cooling makes SMES systems very expensive and often impracticable.
“Chava’s Ultraconductor technology eliminates the need for
cryogenic cooling since our proprietary conductive polymer material is
superconductive at room temperature.
“Chava’s is working towards achieving greater lengths of
Ultraconductor Wire™ from which a room temperature Ultraconductor
Magnetic Energy Storage (UMES™) system can be made.
“UMES™ systems could be stacked and linked together to provide
major utilities and industrial plant sites with efficient and cost
effective energy storage. This allows for better planning for energy
uses during the day and night without impacting present day power
generation processes and would have substantial positive impact on
lowering carbon footprints.
“In time, it is anticipated that UMES systems could be made small
enough to be usable in numerous applications where peak energy demands
are unpredictable or sporadic, such as in transportation systems like
trains, marine vessels, automobiles, air transport.”
- But very recently, all of Chava Energy’s wonderful claims regarding
Ultraconductor wires and energy storage tragically disappeared from
their website – leaving only their sad and lonely Zero Point Energy
Generator baloney to make Chava a self-proclaimed “leader in transformational energy solutions!”
And so, after saying our tearful goodbyes to the charming but
empty-headed Baloney Shop Quartet of Chava Energy’s departed flimflam,
we must now turn to the one last pathetic heap of flimflam that still
remains, still making a proud stand in honor of its departed originator –
Mark Goldes – until the bitter end, when it will go the way of all the rest of Chava’s flimflam.
6. Chava Energy’s Amazing Zero Point Energy “MagGen” Generators
Although Hagen Ruff has not yet entirely dropped the Zero Point
Energy flimflam heap from chavaenergy.com, in fact he has removed some
of it. Mr. Ruff now wants to pretend that Chava Energy Co-founder Mark
Goldes, the Chief Market Research Officer of Chava Energy for
the past four years, actually had nothing to do with Chava Energy! So,
no longer does the name “MagGen” even appear on Chava’s website, since
this name was used by Mark Goldes at MPI (for his “Virtual Photon Flux”
flimflam) even before Goldes came to Chava Energy. No longer
does chavaenergy.com mention the patent numbers of the two devices which
supposedly would be harnessing Zero Point Energy, according to Chava’s
ludicrous pretenses – even though the patent applications never mention
any Zero Point Energy at all. As anyone can verify on the Patent Office
website, Chava Energy obtained both of the pretended Zero Point Energy
patents from Mark Goldes’ previous company, MPI.
So, let’s look at some of the flimflam Chava Energy previously posted
on their website regarding the “MagGen” devices, until its very recent
“Our MagGen™ magnetic generators convert abundant, ambient and
renewable energy sources that exist everywhere in the universe. Power
Units can be small and lightweight, and made from non-toxic materials.”
“MagGen™: The Chava Magnetic Generator (MagGen™) breakthroughs
offer several alternate routes to tapping the energy of quantum noise
(Zero Point Energy) via the magnetic spin moment.”
“Chava has two U.S. Patents patents aimed at commercialization
under the trademark of MagGen™. Patents #7,830,065 and #8,093,869 cover
solid-state (no moving parts) magnetic generators. An early prototype
produced an output, at a very low power level, of more than 100 times
“The first patent titled ‘Solid State Electric Generator,’ was
issued Nov 9,2010. The second titled ‘Apparatus for Generating
Electricity…’ issued January 10,2012. Several prototypes of more
advanced devices have been built and an additional, very broad, patent
application has also been filed. All power generation modules can be
combined, in a manner similar to solar cells, to provide larger amounts
of power. We expect to file an additional thirty (30) patents over the
next three (3) years for various magnetic power device designs.”
“Chava expects, within three years, of creating prototype Chava Energy™ conversion systems to provide power for automobiles.”
“Several prototypes of more advanced devices have been built and
thirty (30) additional patents are expected to be filed over the next
thirty-six (36) months for various families of magnetic power devices.”
“RESIDENTIAL GENERATORS for off-grid customers will be an early
market product. Today, generators are typically powered by gasoline. In
the aftermath of disasters such as hurricanes, tornadoes, and typhoons,
power is often unavailable; such early devices, without requiring fuel,
will make a crucial difference. Mobile power generators will be a key
resource for government emergency agencies and rural communities.
“Chava expects, within three years, of creating prototype Chava Energy™ conversion systems to provide power for automobiles.
This eliminates the need for large batteries and for electrical
recharging stations. That goal may be reached faster if our engineering
development teams work on a 24/7 basis. The conversion systems will open
a path to mass production of entirely new varieties of automotive power
plants. Other industries will follow soon after the key markets of
residential and automotive power.“
Hagen Ruff removed the information of the “MagGen” name and of the
patent numbers, because this information reflects the involvement of
Mark Goldes and MPI in Chava’s Zero Point Energy flimflam heap. But in
fact the two patents that Chava Energy obtained from Goldes’ MPI are the
only patents Chava Energy owns. This may be part of the reason why
Hagen Ruff couldn’t bear to drop his Zero Point Energy pretense
If Chava Energy’s claims regarding their pretended Revolutionary
Breakthrough development of “Fractional Hydrogen” “SPICE” engines,
Ambient Temperature Thermionic Converters, “Ultraconductor” wire,
“Ultraconductor Energy Storage Systems,” and Zero Point Energy
harvesting “MagGen” generators were not false and fraudulent, why did
Hagen Ruff suddenly remove those claims from Chava’s website?
In fact, all of those fraudulent claims came originally from the very same source: Chava Energy Co-founder and Chief Market Research Officer Mark Goldes, and Goldes’ previous company, Magnetic Power Inc.
We do find and state that Hagen Ruff’s Chava Energy LLC has made a
great many utterly false and fraudulent claims and statements, showing
very unscrupulous dishonesty, on the matters of “Fractional Hydrogen”
engines, Ambient Temperature Thermionic Converters, and “MagGen”
generators that supposedly harness Zero Point Energy. Chava Energy’s
claims and statements regarding “Ultraconductor” wire and
“Ultraconductor Energy Storage Systems” were also false and dishonest to
some degree, in various ways.
The relentless and pervasive dishonesty, fraudulence, and
unscrupulousness, that characterized Mark Goldes’ use of his company
Magnetic Power Inc for over twenty years prior to the founding of Chava
LLC and Chava Energy LLC, has also characterized Mark Goldes’ and Hagen
Ruff’s use of Chava LLC and Chava Energy LLC ever since they were
Notes On Chava Energy’s Water-fueled “Fractional Hydrogen” “SPICE” Engine Flimflam
Here is a link to Andreas Rathke’s paper, “A critical analysis of the hydrino model:”
And here is some more information:
And here is Randell Mills’ hydrino-power patent application 6024935, “Hydrogen atoms and cells for energy extraction:”
Notes On Chava Energy’s Ambient Heat Thermionic Converter Flimflam
Here is Cyril Smith’s 2008 “Proposal For A Room-temperature
Thermionic Converter,” from which the Chava Energy website flimflam on
ambient temperature Thermionic Converters was evidently taken. (The
website quotes a sentence from it that leaves the impression that they
have already created and demonstrated this device – but that is
obviously not the case. )
Here is some information on thermionic converters:
And here is Britannica’s article on thermionic power converters:
Notes On Chava Energy’s “Zero Point Energy” Flimflam
Chava Energy says on their website: “Our MagGen™ technologies are the
subject of two pending U.S. patent applications covering solid-state
magnetic generators. An early prototype of one of them produced an
output, at a very low power level, of more than 100 times the input.
This first pending patent is titled “Solid State Electric Generator,”
under Application no. US 2006/0163971 and is dated July 27th 2006.”
In reality, Gunderson’s “Solid State Electric Generator” is not a
generator at all, but only a crude transformer, which has never been
found useful for any purpose at all.
Here is the application for publication number 20060163971 . See if
you can find any use of “Virtual Photon Flux” or Zero Point Energy, as
Goldes and Ruff have variously pretended:
Recent Internet Lies by Hagen Ruff
Let’s look at just two of Hagen Ruff’s false statements from his recent comment on revolution-green.com.
1. Hagen Ruff states:
“During a personal financial event of Mark [Goldes] in 2012 we
decided to cease operations of Chava LLC and created a new company
‘Chava Energy LLC’, which Mark [Goldes] was no longer part of.”
Ruff very recently removed the entry for Mark Goldes on Chava Energy’s list of “Team Members,” which described Mark Goldes as:
“Mark Goldes, Co-Founder, CMRO (Chief Market Research Officer)”
However, although Ruff updated the page to delete this entry for Mark
Goldes, the page was previously cached by Zoom Information Inc. on
10/30/2013 – so you can still see for yourself what the page contained
previously. Under “Web References,” near the top of the list, you will
see the word “cached” in blue type between brackets. Just click on that.
Or try this:
In fact, Mark Goldes was already in 2009 describing himself as
“Co-founder of Chava Energy” in many posts which can still be found with
a google search.
You can easily get a rough idea of just how active Mark Goldes has been as Chava Energy’s Chief Market Research Officer, just by doing a google search on his Chava Energy email address, email@example.com:
Furthermore, Chava Energy LLC was not started in 2012 – it was
started in 2010 (if not earlier), as anyone can see for themselves from
the legal filing date:
“Chava Energy LLC filed as a Domestic Limited-Liability Company in the State of Nevada on Friday, May 28, 2010 “
2. Hagen Ruff also states:
“…none of the Chava companies have ever assumed any assets,
patents, notes, shares, or liabilities from any of the old Mark Goldes
companies MPI and RTS…”
We can easily show the falseness of this statement.
First, Chava LLC’s patent for a “Solid state electric generator”
– which is actually only a crude transformer, and not a generator at
all – did indeed come from Goldes’ company Magnetic Power:
Publication number US20060163971 A1
Publication type Application
Application number US 11/336,337
Publication date Jul 27, 2006
Filing date Jan 20, 2006
Priority date Jan 21, 2005
Also published as US7830065
Inventors Graham Gunderson
Original Assignee Magnetic Power Inc.
May 9, 2014 FPAY Fee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Oct 2, 2010 AS Assignment
Owner name: CHAVA LLC, FLORIDA
Effective date: 20100927
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MAGNETIC POWER, INC.;REEL/FRAME:025082/0405
Jan 20, 2006 AS Assignment
Owner name: MAGNETIC POWER, INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:GUNDERSON, GRAHAM ALAN;REEL/FRAME:017488/0430
Effective date: 20060120
And Chava’s other patent, for an “apparatus for Generating Electricity utilizing Nondestructive Interference of Energy,”
came from Graham Gunderson, who was working for Magnetic Power Inc. at
the time the patent application was filed in 2008. Do you see what the
capitals spell? – That’s right folks – this is the famous “GENIE” or
“POWERGENIE” which according to the “conservative predictions” of MPI’s
Executive Summaries of 2008, would help earn MPI over a billion dollars
Filing date Dec 3, 2008
Date Code Event Description
Dec 6, 2011 AS Assignment
Effective date: 20111123
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:GUNDERSON, GRAHAM A;REEL/FRAME:027338/0270
Owner name: CHAVA ENERGY LLC, FLORIDA